International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)
Official journal of the International Energy and Environment Foundation (IEEF)

Author information pack


The International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) is a multi-disciplinary, peer-reviewed open access journal, covering all areas of energy and environment related fields that apply to the science and engineering communities. IJEE aims to promote rapid communication and dialogue among researchers, scientists, and engineers working in the areas of energy and environment. The journal provides a focus for activities concerning the development, assessment and management of energy and environment related programs. The emphasis is placed on original research, both analytical and experimental, which is of permanent interest to engineers and scientists, covering all aspects of energy and environment. It is hoped that this journal will prove to be an important factor in raising the standards of discussion, analyses, and evaluations relating to energy and environment programs. All manuscripts with significant research results in the areas of energy and environment and their application are welcome.

Types of Paper
The International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) accepts research papers and review papers.

Research papers: A research paper presents the results of investigations on a relevant subject matter. Guide for Authors should be followed.

Review Papers: A review paper succinctly reviews recent progress on a specific subject of active research. It should summarize the current state of knowledge of the topic by discussing the findings presented in recent research papers. Guide for Authors should be followed.

Society Affiliations

The International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) is the official journal of the International Energy and Environment Foundation (IEEF). The journal enjoys the full support of the IEEF, who provide funds to cover all costs of publication, including the Article Processing Charges (APC’s) for all authors. Therefore the journal is both free to read and free to publish in for everyone.


Ethics in Publishing

It is not permissible for author(s) to simultaneously submit essentially the same manuscript to the IJEE and other journal(s). Plagiarism in any form will not be tolerated. The submission of a multiauthored manuscript by a corresponding author implies that all co-authors had made significant contributions to the work. Ethics topics to consider when publishing:


Screening for Plagiarism

We use plagiarism detection. According to Oxford on-line dictionary, Plagiarism means: The practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own. The Editorial Board of the International Journal of Energy and Environment will check any case of plagiarism on its own merits. If the plagiarism is detected, either by the editor or peer reviewer at any stage before publication of the manuscript - before or after acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage, we will alert the author(s), asking him/her to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and to cite the original text. If at least 15% of the original submission is plagiarised, the International Journal of Energy and Environment has the right to reject the manuscript.


Policy and Ethics

The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans; EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments; Uniform Requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical journals This must be stated at an appropriate point in the article.

Conflict of Interest

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

Submission Declaration and Verification

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder.
Authors who wish to reproduce illustrations that have already been published elsewhere must obtain the permission of the copyright holder and credit the source(s) in the article before submitting their work.


Review Process and Editing

All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members of the editorial board or qualified outside reviewers. As soon as we receive an article, the editorial office will pre-screen your manuscript. The officer will check whether the manuscript is valid and language is fluent and necessary factors are all included. The editor reserves the right to return manuscripts that do not conform to the instructions for manuscript preparation and artwork instruction, as well as papers that do not fit the scope of the journal, prior to refereeing. Following is a formal review process accomplished by other official reviewers. Taking care of the recommendations of the reviewers, the Editor-in-Chief then decides whether the particular article may be accepted as it is, or it may be revised or rejected. It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations. All submitted papers will be reviewed in about 4 ~ 6 weeks.



Upon publication, each author agrees that the “International Energy and Environment Foundation (IEEF)” is the copyright owner of the material published in “International Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE)”.
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Journal Publishing Agreement'. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Journal Publishing Agreement' form or link to the online version of this agreement (Journal Publishing Agreement (PDF file)).

IEEF will present the works of all authors with free access to all users. The users are free to copy, distribute, and display the work; to make any reasonable non-commercial use of the work, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. All authors are free to post the final published version of their articles on their personal websites, their employers' sites, or their funding agency's sites. Authors may use their material in presentations and subsequent publications they write or edit themselves, provided that “IJEE” is notified in writing and is acknowledged as the original publication. At the time of sending the manuscript, it must be accompanied by copies of any permission to reproduce published material, to use illustrations or report information about identifiable people, or to name people for their contributions and send its signed agreement by ALL authors, along with a covering letter from the corresponding author indicating their agreements upon submission to and the right to reproduce and distribute the article for “IJEE”. Upon receiving them, the editorial board of “IJEE”, reserves the right to accept or reject the article in any stage and any time.

Role of the Funding Source

You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.

Open Access

Open Access provides free, unrestricted online access to the scholarly literature to anyone in the world. At IEEF, we are convinced that everyone - not only scientists - can benefit from research results, and we publish all our articles exclusively under open access distribution. Readers have the right to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source is properly cited.
The publication costs for International Journal of Energy and Environment are covered by IEEF, so authors do not need to pay an article-processing charge. All articles will be published in full color
in both online and printed versions free of charge. The authors do not pay any kind of publication fees, registration fees, or subscription fees. There are no any hidden fees.


Fees and Charges

All articles will be published in full color in both online and printed versions free of charge. The Authors do not pay any kind of publication fees, registration fees, subscription fees or "donation".



When the completed article is ready to enter the production process, it is copyedited in the style of the journal, typeset, and structured for publishing. The artwork is sized and scanned according to the required specifications and a page proof is generated for corresponding author to carry out a final check. Electronic proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage.



Because IJEE will be published freely online to attract a wide audience, authors will have free electronic access to the full text of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.


Order Journal (Optional)

The print copy's (hard copy) of the IJEE can be ordered using the following email "". The annual subscription price for six issues (hard copy) is USD 900. Free shipping on all orders via "international express shipping".



Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these).

Electronic Submission

You can use this list to carry out a final check of your submission before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.

Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details (E-mail address) and (Full postal address).

Manuscript as a single file (Microsoft Word) with figures and tables embedded:

Further considerations

Failure to comply with this list may result in your paper not being considered for publication in this Journal.


Manuscripts should be sent via e-mail as attachment to:


You will receive a confirmation email with your manuscript reference number within 72 hours. If you do not receive the confirmation email, please check your SPAM E-mail folder just in case the confirmation email got delivered there instead of your inbox.


Article Structure

Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name.

The abstract (about 150 words) should be informative, concisely stating the subject, and giving a clear indication of the nature and range of the results contained in the paper. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

The introduction should define clearly the nature of the problem being considered. Reference should be made to previously published pertinent papers, accenting the major original contributions.

Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results should be clear and concise.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

The main conclusions of the study should be presented in a short Conclusions section.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

Nomenclature and units
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI.

Math formulae
Please submit math equations as editable text, using Microsoft Equation Editor, and not as images. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text. Be sure that the symbols used in your equation have been defined immediately following.

Please make sure that artworks are in the correct resolution. Submit usable color figures then IEEF will ensure that these figures will appear in full color in both online and printed versions free of charge.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Number figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text.

Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given.

Reference style
Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given.
Example: '..... as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result ....'

List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text.
Reference to a journal publication:
[1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Sci. Commun. 163 (2010) 51–59.
Reference to a book:
[2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
[3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281–304.
Reference to a website:
[4] Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK., 2003 (accessed 13.03.03).


Author's biography
Authors may include biographies at the end of regular papers. After the author’s name, the author’s educational background is listed: type of degree in what field, which institution, city, state or country, and year degree was earned. The author’s major field of study should be lower-cased. The second paragraph uses the pronoun of the person (he or she) and not the author’s last name. Information concerning previous publications may be included. Current and previous research interests end the paragraph. The third paragraph begins with the author’s title and last name (e.g., Dr. Smith, Prof. Jones, Mr. David, Ms. Elizabeth). List any memberships in professional societies.
The email address of the author immediately after the end of author's biography. The author's photograph (3 cm width) is placed at the top left of the biography.